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艺术丨西斯莱丨马尔利港的洪水

马尔利港的洪水(L’INONDATION A PORT-MARLY)

细节

1876年春天,塞纳河涌水淹没了马尔利港。当时阿尔弗雷德·西斯莱正住在马尔利村庄所在的小山丘脚下。画家共为这次洪水创作了七幅作品,被认为是他的代表作。在奥赛美术馆中共展出了其中的两幅,充分表现出作者的意图和对风景画的诠释。西斯莱选择了马尔利港的一景,对洪水的不同时期进行描绘,试图捕捉不同氛围下的不同景象。除了描绘水面波纹反射这一印象主义画派十分珍爱的主题之外,他也专注于天空的变化和光影变化对于风景的影响。这一系列突显了阿尔弗雷德·西斯莱风景画的天赋:这一激情也和他的盎格鲁-撒克逊血统有关,与他生长的那片土地的风景画,特别是约翰·康斯太勃尔的画作有着不可割舍的联系。英国也是西斯莱风景画中经常魂牵梦萦的地方:有一种难以名状、不可捉摸的状态和平静安宁的气氛弥漫在画家的风景画作中。在印象主义画家团体中,阿尔弗雷德·西斯莱和莫奈是其中最能诠释户外风景的画家,他们在画布上捕捉天空的变幻、水纹的反射以及雪地上光影的交错。

In 1874, Sisley moved to Marly-le-Roi and became the chronicler of this village situated a few kilometres to the west of Paris. His most beautiful motif was when the Seine burst its banks and flooded the neighbouring village of Port-Marly in the spring of 1876. The artist produced six paintings of this event. He captured the great expanse of water with moving reflections that transformed the peaceful house of a wine merchant into something mysterious and poetic. Two of these paintings are in the Musée d’Orsay.

In this version, Sisley positions the house at an angle, leaving a large amount of space for sky and water. For the flooded area he used light colours and broad, brushstrokes placed side by side. Conversely, he expressed the solidity of the house and its pink and yellow walls, with very precise brushwork. Thus, the stability and permanence of the solid elements contrast with the fleeting movements of the water, which at any moment might recede.

画作信息

ALFRED SISLEY(French)
阿尔弗雷德·西斯莱(法国)
巴黎奥赛美术馆
布上油画 60×81 cm
1911年伊萨卡·德·卡蒙多伯爵遗赠

Artwork

Flood at Port-Marly, 1876.
Oil on canvas, 60 x 81 cm,
Musée d’Orsay, Paris.

相关书籍

1 印象派风景画大师 西斯莱(河北教育出版社)
2 西斯莱(吉林美术出版社)

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